Cells in the body have specific purposes, but stem cells are cells that do not yet have a specific role and can become almost any cell that is required.
Stem cells are undifferentiated cells that can turn into specific cells, as the body needs them. Theoretically Stem cell has unlimited potential to get differentiated into any type of cell, tissue or organ based on environmental cues.
Stem Cells has been isolated from Bone Marrow for last 3-4 decades for Blood cancer( Haematology cancer) and many Orthopedic reconstructive procedures.
TYPES OF STEM CELLS ?
There are two main types of Stem cells: Embryonic Stem cells and Adult Stem Cells
Embryonic Stem Cells: Derived from umbilical cord or fetal tissue. They have miraculous powers but controversial in nature to use in Adult humans. Their safety to use in adults hasn’t been established.
Adipose tissue derived Adult Stem Cells: They have been used by many clinics, medical centers in United States until recently. Currently they are not FDA recommended or approved due to extra processing required in Laboratory outside human body.
Adult Stem cells: Medicinal Signalling cells or Mesenchymal Stem Cells (MSCs), these cells can be safely derived from Bone marrow of your hip bone. They have enough medicinal value for Musculoskeletal or Spine issues. Currently Bone marrow derived stem cells are FDA approved and recommended.
POTENTIAL USES ?
Degenerative Disc Disease ( Neck or Lumbar Spine):
Stem Cells has potential to increase disc height, slow or reverse degenerative process inside your Inter-vertebral discs.